indus valley Civilization
introduction of Indus Valley Civilization-
Discovery of Indus valley civilization-
Extent Of Indus Valley Civilization-
The extent of Indus Valley civilization- It has been clear from archaeological excavations that the place of Indus-Civilization was not limited to Harrapa and Mohenjodaro but was very wide. The expansion of Indus-civilization was more elaborate than the civilization of ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Persia. The remarkable thing in the development of Indus-civilization is that the inhabitants of Indus-civilization mainly chose the places where the climate was suitable for growing wheat. Residents of this civilization had a coastline of about 1,300 km, which also provided them sea trade facilities.
And from the discoveries, the residues of the Indus valley civilization are obtained from the following places, which also know their expansion.
1-Balochistan – Here, the remains of Indus-civilization have been obtained from Sutkegondor, Dabarkot.
2- Apart from Sindh-Mohenjodaro, relics of Indus-civilization have also been found in many places in Sindh like Kotdiji, Alimurid, Chanhudaro.
3-Punjab-Remains of Indus civilization were also found at Ropar, Sandhol places in the extra.
4-Haryana– It is known that Banbaliwali and Mitathal places are well known.
5-Rajasthan – The remains of the Indus civilization were found in a place called Kalibanga in Rajasthan. Kalibanga is situated on the banks of Saraswati where there are two mounds. Stone beads, clay witches, utensils have been found in the eastern mound. Baths, wells, fire mills and earthen vessels have been found in the western mound. This place was discovered in 1942 by Stein.
6-Uttar Pradesh- Remains of Sindhi civilization in Uttar Pradesh have been found near Alamgirpur, about 30 km from Meerut and near Kausambhi, 56 km from Allahabad in Ganga’s ghati.
7-Gujarat- The remains of the Indus civilization have been received from Rangpur, Lothal Rosdi, Sur Kotra and Malvad etc. in Gujarat, Lothal is the most important of all-
8- Lothal – It is 14 km south of Ahmedabad. It is known from the excavation here that it was possible that there was a famous port, Jha, a postyard was built to stop the ships. There was a very good arrangement of drains in Lothal. Witches and stones have also been obtained from Lothal. Earthen pots of red and black color have also been obtained from it. On which the figure is carved, there are avalanches of Lothal settling 4 times.